What is Capitalization Rate (Cap Rate) and How is it Calculated in Real Estate?

What is Capitalization Rate in Real Estate? How do you calculate real estate cap rate?

The Capitalization Rate (Cap Rate) is a metric used to evaluate the performance of a commercial real estate investment. The Cap Rate is calculated by dividing the Net Operating Income (NOI) by the current market value of the property.

Here’s an example of how to calculate the cap rate for a commercial property:


A commercial property has an annual Net Operating Income (NOI) of $120,000

The current market value of the property is $1,500,000

To calculate the Cap Rate:

Cap Rate = NOI / Market Value
Cap Rate = $120,000 / $1,500,000
Cap Rate = 0.08 or 8%

In this example, the Cap Rate for the commercial property is 8%. This means that for every dollar invested in the property, the investor is earning an 8% return on their investment.

The average Cap Rate for commercial real estate can vary depending on the type of property and location, but it is generally lower for properties in prime locations with stable cash flow and higher for properties in less desirable locations with higher risk.

As per industry standards, the average cap rate for commercial real estate generally ranges from 4% to 12%. But it can be higher or lower depending on the location, property type and current market conditions.

For example, in prime locations like central business districts, cap rates for office buildings may be around 4-6%. Whereas, in secondary or tertiary markets, cap rates for industrial properties may be around 8-10%.

It’s worth noting that cap rates are not an absolute measure of the returns of a property, but rather a relative measure of returns compared to its purchase price. Therefore, it’s always best to consult with a real estate expert for a more accurate assessment based on current market conditions and your specific situation.